The Rose Window

A Publication of the Yankee District Rose Society            Audrey Osborn, Editor                          January 2006




Consulting Rosarians .......................... 4

Consulting Rosarian School ................ 5

Judges Corner ..................................... 5

Update Bird Training .......................... 6

Frank Benardella  ................................ 6

Convention Schedule .......................... 7

Treasurer Report ................................ 8

Rose Sawfly ........................................ 8

Yankee District Rose Show ................ 9

Enthusiasm  ........................................ 9

Ordering Roses…………………….. 9

No free lunch....................................... 10

I was never so sick  ............................. 11

Soil Testing ......................................... 12

Advance Planning ............................... 13

First Timer at Convention .................. 14

Roses in Review   ............................... 14

Six Degrees of Separation ................... 15


District Director’s Message

 2005 was a very exciting year in the Yankee District and there’s so much planned for 2006.  This begins my sixth year as the Yankee District Director.  What an incredible pleasure this has been and I am truly looking forward to many great activities in 2006.

The Yankee District is a remarkably robust and talented group of rosarians.  We are all very proud of Mike Chute’s excellent work as Editor of the Beginner’s Column in the ‘American Rose’.  Mike has brought a wealth of knowledge and encouraged a simple enjoyment that has been warmly welcomed.  Great job Mike!

 There are many people to acknowledge throughout the District who have earned our applause and respect.  We have excellent writers like Ed Cunningham from Rhode Island who have received ARS awards.  Congratulations to Dave Candler (Connecticut Rose Society) and Sari Hsu (Maine Rose Society) for their excellent web site awards. Our Yankee District website (www.arsyankee.org) created and maintained by Patsy Cunningham, was the 2004 Princess of all District websites in the ARS.

 Carol Ann was the 2005 winner of the Yankee District Consulting Rosarian Award and Wally Parsons was the winner of the 2005 Outstanding Judge Award.  Joe Kolis brought superb Hybrid Teas to our District Rose Show on the Cape in September and swept both the McFarland and the AARS awards.  Dave and June Berg had exquisite miniatures and took the Moore Trophy.  All of these individuals and the rose entries are truly deserving. 

The most prestigious award is the Silver Honor Medal.  This year the award was given to Audrey and William ‘Oz’ Osborn.  Audrey and Oz have given so much to the Yankee District for so many years.  Audrey has been editor of this newsletter and developed it into one of the best in the ARS.  Together they formed one of the strongest societies in the district, the Lower Cape Rose Society.  And, Oz has been our District Chairman of Judges for the last two years.  As Chairman, Oz orchestrated one of the most successful judging schools we’ve ever held.  Working with them on any project has been a joy and everything they work on turns out great.  The Yankee District is truly blessed to have them with us.  Kudos!  (Continued on p. 3)



                                                                  By Craig Dorschel

New Shrub Rose Award to debut at 2006 Yankee District Show!  Our Yankee District rose show will be held in conjunction with the Arrangement Seminar and Lobster fest on September 9, in Harwich on Cape Cod.

Recognizing the importance of shrub roses in New England gardens, a new district challenge class and award has been established. Similar to the national Griffith Buck award, the class will call for 3 different shrub specimens (single bloom or spray, classic or modern), each in a separate container. Of course, the McFarland and AARS awards for hybrid teas, the Moore award for miniatures, and other horticultural classes will be offered as well.

Lobster fest Weekend has been a great event for several years now – a great opportunity to enjoy the pleasant late summer weather on the Cape and to mix with fellow rose lovers from around the district. Please come, and bring some roses to enter. (Helpful hint — cut back near the end of July/beginning of August and water, water, water, to have roses for September shows.)


                                                                              By Lee Macneil

            Go to the web-site of any rose society in our nation and you will see the word "Enthusiasm" over and over again. We the members are "Enthusiasts".

            We encourage the public to become " Enthusiastic" about roses. The Rose catalogs have us "Enthused" about new introductions each year! Being a rose society member is all about "Enthusiasm"!

            Without "Enthusiasm" there would be no rose societies.

            In the dreary winter months in New England, it may be difficult to feel the same spark of enthusiasm that we feel during our peak-growing season!

            We all need to work a little harder to keep our enthusiasm levels high. But in order to keep our societies successful and growing, we need to maintain our enthusiasm 12 months of the year!

            The best way I know to keep up enthusiasm is to stay involved, active and motivated! Attending meetings and listening to speakers who are enthusiastic about their topic get us back on track, Enthusiasm is contagious, We get it from each other!

            When a new member comes into a society he generally has a high level of enthusiasm.   He is thinking about growing roses, planning how great his yard will look, imagining showing his roses successfully. He is also thinking about all the things he will learn from all of the more experienced members.   He is looking forward to having fun at club events, and meeting new friends. This new member needs to be greeted with enthusiasm equal to his own! If his roses die, his yard withers, meetings don’t entertain him, and the experienced, but uninspired members ignore him, he will soon loose all his enthusiasm, and go join a bowling league!

            Feed off the new member’s enthusiasm! Get a good feeling by helping out that new guy! Take pride in sharing your knowledge, give a talk at a garden center, feeling other peoples’ interest in roses grow will enliven your own interest! Think about a topic you are well versed in, and volunteer to do a talk for your own, or another rose society!  Let your Enthusiasm flow and watch your society grow!


By Vin Ringrose

One of the delights of winter months is poring over rose catalogs for the next season. If you usually lose 15% of your standing fall population to our typically brutal winters, then new bushes are a necessary reality. This is especially true if you concentrate on exhibition hybrid teas, as Carol and I do. Donna Fuss asked me to run through the major catalogs that we deal with, with a few comments on each. All advertise in the American Rose.

EDMUNDS’ ROSES. The important catalog for exhibition hybrid teas. The greatest number of new varieties and the strongest, healthiest bushes.

JACKSON & PERKINS. You will receive many of their catalogs every year. They haven’t had a good NEW rose in several years, but their bushes are healthy.

WITHERSPOON ROSES. A Carolina company that has a somewhat limited list, but has a better exhibition roster, and healthy plants.

HORTICO. The Canadian giant. Catalog has to be purchased the first time, but one order gets you a free catalog the next season. They get new European roses before anybody else. Minimum order of 5 bushes. Small plants, but they are healthy and catch up by second season.

REGAN. A rose broker from California. The $5 for the catalog is refundable with purchase. The greatest number of varieties of any shipper since they deal with many growers. Twice we have found hard-to-find varieties only through them.

JOHNNY BECNEL ROSES. A Louisiana outfit specializing in new exhibitor varieties, mostly from Eddie Edwards. Large plants with foliage, shipped in 6” pots in May. Minimum order. Excellent plants on fortuniana rootstock, which have to be re-budded on multiflora to survive our winters, but our CAJUN MOON and POP WARNER arrived that way.

ROSES UNLIMITED. The only own-root company that we have dealt with. Excellent small roses in pots. The only source for some varieties. Minimum order of 3 plants. They catch up nicely, and they survive winters that budded roses do not.

PICKERING. Canadian roses that disappointed us on one occasion. Others that I know of have had success.

BRIDGES AND NOR’EAST/?’;/. We only grow a few minis. We have had good results with both companies. Now that NOR’EAST is no longer under the firm hand of the Savilles, our inclination is to go with BRIDGES. We have had no experience with Robbie Tucker’s ROSEMANIA, but others apparently have been pleased so far.

A final note. If you only need a bush or two in the spring, save yourself time, money, and a degree of uncertainty by foregoing the catalogs. Simply drive over to Bill Turull’s nursery in Manchester, GARDEN SALES, and buy his excellent potted roses. He has enough exhibition varieties to keep all of us happy, and plenty of fine garden roses as well.                            


District Treasury Summary Report

01/01/05 - 11/30/05

Steve Rogers, Treasurer

We had a beginning balance of $6323.49.  Income during the period was $6384.94 (Spring Convention: $4594.27, Fall Convention: $1755.00, Interest: $35.67).  Expenses for the period were $4654.86 (Newsletter: $1803.00, Spring Convention: $115.00, District Awards & Committee expenses: $492.31, Web Site: $99.40, Fall Convention: $1645.15, Spring 2006 Convention Deposit: $500.00).  As of 11/30/05 we have an ending balance of $8053.57.




By Jerry Cinnamon

The American Rose Society, upon nomination by the ARS Yankee District, has selected three distinguished Rosarians to be designated as Master Rosarians for 2006. This designation recognizes Rosarians who have ten or more years of service, have demonstrated a continuing commitment to growing roses, as well as continuing enthusiasm in sharing rose knowledge. Master Rosarians for the ARS Yankee District, selected for this year are David Cannistraro, George Doorakian, and Art Emmons. Congratulations to our distinguished Master Rosarians!

They join David Berg, Malcom Lowe, Manuel Mendes, John Mattia, Clarence Rhodes, Donna Fuss, and  Michael Fuss, who achieved this designation in 2005.



LOST & FOUND (September 2005)

Found:  128 meg camera memory card at the Lower Cape Lobster Fest

There were about 30 Fuji Finepix 2600 camera photos of using a backhoe etc to dig up a yard and some woods.

If you know someone who was taking photos, mention this to them. 

I didn't think this was actually a memory card at first, or I would have put it on the Yankee District Bulletin Board sooner.


 email me at patham@cox.net,  - I'll mail it to you ( or bring it to convention)



 By Johanne Patenaude

Translated by Marguerite Savidant

The rose sawfly, whose Latin name is Arge ochropa, belongs to a large group of insects called Hymenopters.  It causes grief for rosarians.  It is considered a secondary enemy of the rose but when it gets into the garden it is the rose production that becomes secondary.  The rose sawfly then becomes our enemy number one.

                It is difficult to become aware of its presence in the garden until eggs laid at night on the plants are noticed.  The sawfly has an interesting piercing and cutting instrument.  The female rose sawfly cuts a series of slits up and down the stem and deposits an egg in each.  The egg laying process damages the stem leaving a hard brownish-black scar on one side, causing it to have a very distinct curve.  This damage can often result in the flower bud not developing.  A few weeks later the eggs hatch and the larvaes emerge.  The larvae is approximately 25mm long, with black or orange head, bluish-green with yellowish-black along the back, and six rows of black shining bristly tubercles.  It feeds on the soft tissues of the leaf leaving the veins, and skeletonizing the leaf.  The rose stem sawfly overwinter under debris on the ground in the pupal stage. There are two generations per year, beginning of June and beginning of August.

Here are a few methods to control this sawfly:

                1 – Put out baits made of a sweet mixture (sugar, molasses) to attract adults at the beginning of June and manually crush them.  However, it is not 100% efficient and not always possible to accomplish, leaving some insects laying eggs and having a feast.

                2 – Another method consists in mixing 10 to 15 ml of vegetable oil or light mineral oil with 5 ml of dish soap in 1L of water and spraying the leaves and the stems to prevent the laying of eggs.  Applications should be done every 15 days (more often in case of abundant rain) from the end of May to the end of June, and again at the end of July.

                3 - Cut off any affected stems as soon as noticed to prevent the eggs from hatching.

                4 - There is the chemical method whereby every two weeks either Diazinon, Malathion, Pyrethrin, Carbaryl (Sevin) or insecticidal soap can be sprayed on the plants.

                The following preventative measures are highly recommended.

v      Remove dead leaves and all pruning debris

v      Encourage natural enemies, birds in particular

v      Avoid excessive watering

v      Work the soil lightly in the fall and in the spring to destroy the pupae, especially if you encountered that calamity in your garden the previous year.

v      Should some eggs hatch, you must crush the larvae to stop the cycle.

 Good luck, and lets talk about the results again.

Advance Planning - Importance for Exhibitors
ByTim Roy

(How I kept my plants strong enough to compete well despite the Harsh Winter and Cold, Dark Wet spring of 2003)

Originally printed in the Connecticut Rose newsletter of the Connecticut Rose Society

            Competing in the 2003 Ct. Rose Show was especially challenging this year.  We all experienced a harsh winter combined with an abnormally cold and wet spring.  Let’s take a detailed look at how each adversity affected our plants and what options we have to counteract.

HARSH WINTER:  The cold weather would not quit and contributed to severe cane dieback including plant death for many roses..  Winter protection is a key – a mound of well draining soil or mulch is sufficient protection for most plants to survive.  More elaborate methods including Styrofoam or rose cones are effective for more tender plants.

            Due to the very early snowfall, I did not complete my winter protection,.  So why did most of my plants survive?

INHERENT WINTER HARDINESS:  This was not a factor for me, since I grow primarily modern roses, all of which are vulnerable to the cold.  My climber and shrub roses had more cane dieback than usual.

PLANT DORMANCY:  It is important to coax your plants into dormancy.  In the beginning of September, I only remove the petals of all spent blooms and let the hips form.  The plants will begin seed production at the expense of new growth which is the desired effect.  Also, I do not fertilize after August 1st.  I have a busy family schedule so I have cut back considerably on my plant maintenance during the past few years only performing essential activities.,  My soil tests showed high concentrations of phosphorous, potassium, and micronutrients so I needed to cut back.  So last year I only fertilized with 10-10-10 on May 1st and ½ dose of fish emulsion on June 1st.  However, I mulched with grass in the spring which provided slow release nitrogen all summer long.  Having said all this, I think this only plays a small factor.


            This pertains mostly to HT’s and some floribundas where the plant is grafted on the rootstock.  I usually plant the bud union at soil surface level since I usually winter protect with a foot of soil.  However, if you don’t winter protect, then you should consider planting the bud union several inches below the soil surface.  This is less of a factor if you winter protect. 

PRUNING TECHNIQUE:  Look at your plants and see if new canes are originating from the bud union near the soil or further up the plant.  If you have older plants, you may have new growth originating higher up on one or two older canes.  If this new growth dies, then you will be left with old wood that is also vulnerable to cold weather.  There was a good article in the ARS magazine this spring about rejuvenating your plant having old canes,  This is a factor if you depend on new growth originating from older canes.


            Own root roses have a better chance of surviving cold winters.  I was heartbroken when the snow melted and my miniature Behold was completely dead – at least what was visible to me.  In fact, three of my mini’s appeared to have died.  As I was preparing to dig them out in late April, I decided to just prune them down to the ground and wait until mid-May to make a decision.  Fortunately, there was enough

snow cover to keep the root system from dying and the plants slowly began to grow.  The blooms were smaller than usual but can you believe that a rose from each showed up on the table.  Patience is a virtue!

SNOW FOR WINTER PROTECTION:  We all had plenty of snow, but my gardens had at least twice as much snow protection.  How can that be?  Since my gardens are adjacent to my sidewalk and driveway, I add more snow using my snow blower.  Incidentally, I wasn’t paying attention this winter and drove my snow blower too close to one garden and half-exposed several plants.  They all died from exposure.  I only lost one other plant.  Snow for winter protection is very helpful, but don’t depend on it.  Do you winter protection!

COLD & WET SPRING:  In 2003, rose blooms were 7-14 days later due to the unusually cool and wet spring.  In addition, it rained almost every day during the week of the show.  How does one deliver quality blooms under these conditions?  Getting your plants off to a good start is important.

SPRING PRUNING:  I complete my pruning by the last weekend in April (minis by first weekend in May) and follow the standard pruning technique – removing the dead/damaged canes and then some shaping.  I have having large plants, so I usually leave 2 foot canes on my HT’s and cut off a little off the top of my minis.  However, my HT’s cane length’s only averaged about 6 inches this year.  I’ve frequently read that you need to hard prune HT’s to one foot for competition size stems and blooms.  Nature did what I have been reluctant to do.

FERTILIZING:  You need to add a synthetic fertilizer (e.g. 10-10-10) near the end of April when you have a ½ to 1 inch of new growth.  Organic fertilizers are beneficial later once the soil has warmed up.

LATE HARD FROST:  I recall reading that the frost free date in CT was May 9th.  Well, we’ve had some frost after that date during the last two springs.  I’m in a well protected area and haven’t been affected.  If you are in a vulnerable location, you may want to prune and fertilize a week or two later.

PLANT VARIETY AND GARDEN LOCATION:  We all have a few roses that we know will be the first to bloom in our garden.  Have you noticed that these are located in one of the sunnier locations in your garden?  If you have sufficient varieties of plants and garden locations, you will always have something a week or so before the show and maybe a few after the show.  How often have I heard at the CT show that “my garden was at peak a week ago”!  Since we had such a late bloom, where were all these peak blooms?


Prune to an outside bud.  Keeping the cane growth spread out on the plant will help air circulation and minimize leaf damage from thorns during strong winds.  Also, spray a fungicide /pesticide regularly or add a systemic to your soil (e.g. Merit) to reduce damage caused by insects.

PROTECTION FROM RAIN:  This can be the biggest obstacle especially if you have a large garden.  Who has the time and ambition to make “rose bloom umbrellas” and put them up/take them down at every threat of rain?  The harder you are willing to work, the more you pray for bad weather because you this this will be an advantage for you.  I do!

At a rose meeting a few years ago, someone presented a formula for success.  I truly agree!    Formula for success:

30% knowledge – 20% luck – 110% hard work         


A First Timer’s View of an ARS National Convention

The Rose Show was Spectacular”  By Susan Meader

This was my first long trip since I got ‘sick’, five years ago. I was very nervous but I was also very excited.  I had never been to such a big convention (for any reason) so I had no expectations. Because I tire easily I did not go on any of the ‘Garden Tours’ as I felt I would not be able to do the tours and still have enough energy for the Bar-B-Q at the Memphis Zoo, some of the lectures, the Award’s Banquet, and the Rose Show.

I freely admit I was not at all impressed by the Bar-B-Q at the Memphis Zoo. I went because I thought we would get to see some rare animals, e.g. the pandas. The event was held in the ‘Panda House’ of the Zoo. It rained very hard just before this event and, of course I know, there is no control of such a natural force but from first hand observation this event was not carefully thought out; 1. The walk from the bus to the Panda House was Very long, 2. There was no tour or even a quick look at any of the animals, 3. There was no place to sit, 4. There were no tables on which you could balance your plates, and 5. You had to queue up in a Very long line for your ‘Bar-B-Q’ and when you finally got it the food was mediocre at best.

The Award’s Banquet was also a disappointment. Again the food was marginal, and this really surprised me because the Memphis Hilton did so much else at the very top of the hospitality game. The ‘entertainment’, an Elvis impersonator, among other things, came before the awards and right in the middle of the meal. It would have been rude not to pay attention so I stopped eating my meal. After the Elvis impersonator’s first set the food was cold. Another point about the ‘entertainment’: because this entertainment was so long I ran out of ‘juice’ before the awards and had to leave.

I found time for, and was able to fit in, three lectures. On Saturday I went to ‘Marvelous Multiflora’ by Steve Singer and ‘Selling Rose Gardening’ by Phil Edmunds. On Sunday the lecture was ‘Sandy’s Picks for 2005’ by Sandy Lundberg. All of the lectures were informative and well attended. I only wish I could have fit more into my schedule but the Rose Show was my first priority.

……But the Rose Show

The show was so grand it completely filled up a huge ballroom. The competition was intense with each exhibitor bringing the very best he had to offer to the show.

The exhibitors had from 5:00 am, until 10:00 am, Saturday to place their entries. There was so much to do for the show many exhibitors were getting the preliminaries finished on Friday evening.

The best day to view the show was Saturday because all the exhibits were fresh and in place. The show was also open for viewing until 1:00 pm on Sunday. Even though Sunday was the ‘clean-up day’ many exhibits were still up and because there was so much to absorb I went back to view again.

Someone had a very good idea for the ‘Blue Ribbon’ table where winning blooms were exhibited. It was so low you could look directly down on the rose shape. A low, small table at the end of each row of exhibits would be very helpful for the judges in any other rose show.

There were 58 Classes (count them!) in the Horticulture Division. There must have been at least 30 entries in each of the 58 Horticulture Classes. The roses were so beautiful, the form so perfect, the freshness so extraordinary (considering when some of these blooms had to be cut) that when an anonymous viewer commented to me ‘they would never have shown that rose because it was not “perfect”,’ I was stunned. Maybe I’m naive or not critical enough but all the submitted roses looked good to me.

There was a class where one hybrid tea or grandiflora bloom was displayed in a picture frame with a black velvet backing. No foliage but sepals were allowed. If your show does not have such a class I think you should consider it. This class would be a very good addition for any show.

There were 35 Classes in the Arrangements Division. There were so many entries they went all the way around three walls of the ballroom. The nuances in each Class were so carefully articulated that it was very important to pay attention. This was the only way to be certain your entry would not be disqualified on a technicality before the ‘actual’ judging commenced. The arrangements were so impressive and imaginative that I am still inspired by them. The shapes, the containers, the roses, were so well thought out and so fresh that I really believe some classes should have had more than one winner. (On page 12 of the Nov., 2005 issue of ‘American Rose’ magazine, there is a good article concerning flower arrangement tips.)

I was marveling about the show to Cindy & Irwin Ehrenreich, from our local Lower Cape Rose Society, when Irwin pointed out to me a fact which should have been self evident, “This show is where you can really see the difference between the amateur and the professional.”

On the trip back to Cape Cod, just from the hotel to the airport, I meet Bob & Donna Martin. Robert is the author of “Showing Good Roses” and he is a nationally known rose aficionado. He was a judge at the show and he has a website at www.roseshow.com. They were very nice & gave me some very good rose tips in just that short time.

The convention was a worthwhile trip for me. I learned many things about rose cultivation, and meet many interesting people. The Rose Show alone made the convention worthwhile.

Nothing can compare to a national gathering to give you an entirely fresh and new perspective on the whole rose culture.



By:   Clarence Rhodes   RIR Coordinator, Yankee District

            There was a 33% reduction in the number of 2005 RIR reporters in the Yankee District.  The reduction of reports, varieties and number of plants was proportionally reduced.  Thanks to all the people who reported.  One of the Consulting Rosarian requirements is that all CR's submit an RIR report.

         A copy of the RIR Report, which was submitted to the National RIR Chairman, will be available at the March District Meeting.  Anyone who submitted an RIR report will have their name in the "hermetically sealed" envelope for the prize drawing.  You must be present to win.

         There were only three varieties with more than ten reports:  Hot Cocoa (16); Memorial Day (12); and Norwich Sweetheart (11).  We need to try to do better next year.


Update:  The Bird Training Program

By Clarence Rhodes, Secondary Products

The bird training program is progressing more rapidly than anticipated.

For those who are not familiar with it, the bird training program has been developed to train sparrows to pick Japanese beetles off roses.  Following the discovery that sparrows would eat dead beetles off the ground, Secondary Products embarked on a program to train the sparrows to eat the beetles directly off the blooms. 

We started by putting perches around the rose plants, from which the sparrows would lean into the roses and pick off the beetle carcasses.  One problem was determining where to locate the perches throughout the garden. 

I did not put up the perches this year, but I have observed through my kitchen window overlooking the rose garden that the sparrows are fluttering around the blooms looking for beetles.  Since they cannot hover over the blooms, they land on the peduncle and this causes the bloom to shake.  It also sometimes causes the beetles to fall to the ground.  The sparrows then jump down to the ground and eat them.  The sparrows seem to know that the beetles are attracted to the yellow, white and light pink blooms.  Somehow I think the birds are smarter than we give them credit for.

I will report in the fall on further developments. 




Frank Benardella - OBN - KBG

            Frank Benardella is an icon in the World of Roses.  We consider him a friend and mentor in our thirst for knowledge and guidance in learning all we could about roses.  We were very fortunate to live near Frank & June in New Jersey.



Frank planted his first rose garden in 1956.

He joined The American Rose Society in 1958.

Frank became an avid exhibitor, winning most National trophies several times. Won Mini Queen at the All Mini National Show in 2003.

As an ARS judge, he assisted in the writing of the Judges’ Manual.

He became a Consulting Rosarian and won the Outstanding Consulting Award in 1964.

Frank was the Penn-Jersey District Director, later he became the Region O Director.  From 1977 to 1979 he was the President of The American Rose Society.

He is a Member of the Order of Blue Noses.

Member of the International Order of the Golden Rose.

Developed the miniature English Box.

Printed the first miniature entry tags.

Started the ARS slide contest.

Developed the Palette class for roses.

Started the first Mid-Winter conventions.

Lectures and judges rose trials around the world.

Hybridizer of 10 Award of Excellence winning miniatures.

Hybridizer of the cut-rose ‘Zebra’, the first striped HT. produced by cross pollinating.

Received the American Rose Society’s highest award – the Gold Medal.

Currently a consultant to All- American Rose Selections serving as Director of Judging.

            What can I say, Frank is just so knowledgeable about roses -  please come to the dinner at the  Yankee District convention at the Sea Crest Resort on March 18th and hear Frank as our dinner speaker.  I am sure he will be in the Hospitality Room  … speaking about roses!





MARCH 17TH, 18TH & 19TH, 2006



You are invited to attend the Spring Rose Convention, Consulting Rosarian School and Annual meeting of the ARS Yankee District.   Rooms have been reserved at the Sea Crest Resort, they will be offered at a special rate of $85 (plus tax) for all who make reservations prior to February 18th.  Three days before and after the event,  rooms will be $70 if you wish to extend your stay.   Please make reservations directly with the hotel and mention the Yankee District.  The hotel is located at Old Silver Beach on Cape Cod – 350 Quaker Road.  From the Bourne Bridge and Cape Cod Canal:  Rte 28 (Falmouth & The Islands) to Rte 151 exit, left at bottom of exit ramp, left at traffic signal (Rte 28A South) one mile to rotary, take first exit, then 1 mile to SEA CREST.  Reservations - 800-225-3110


NAME (S)  _____________________________________________________________

Please print name (s) as you would like them to appear on your name tag


ADDRESS _____________________________________________________________


STATE   ____________          ZIP  ____________  PHONE   ______________________


Registration fee for convention                                                       No.  ____ x  $30.00  each  $  _________

After March 1st                                                                            No.  ____ x  $35.00  each  $   ________ 


LUNCH  (Jason Brown, Guest Speaker – Conard Pyle)

NY Deli PlatterSliced Virginia ham, roast turkey                                       No.  ____x  $16.00  each  $ ________

and rare roast beef with Gruyere & Havarti-dill cheese

served with potato salad, lettuce, tomato, deli pickle,

assorted breads, rolls and condiment

Tuna Salad PlatterServed on a bed of tossed garden                              No.  ____x  $16.00 each  $  _________

greens with fresh fruit garnish, assorted breads & rolls.

Lite lunch served with choice of soup or salad, dessert, coffee or tea



Pasta & Chicken Primavera - Penne pasta with broccoli & cauliflower florettes,                   No. ____x $30.00 each   $  __________

Red peppers, carrots, shitake mushrooms and marinated grilled julienne of chicken

Tossed in garlic, olive oil and parmessan cheese


Broiled Chatham Schrod                                                                                                                         No. ____x $30.00 each   $ ___________


**All entres are served with your choice of salad, chef’s starch of the day, fresh vegetables, and warm rolls and butter.  The chef’s dessert tray will be presented tableside. **

All meal prices include tax & gratuity


SUNDAY BREAKFAST on your own – dine on premises                          

TOTAL AMOUNT ENCLOSED   $  _________________


Everyone is invited and encouraged  to attend the Yankee District Annual Meeting which will begin

promptly at 9:30 AM.  Know what is happening in the District – Come with “Enthusiasm


Please make check payable to LCRS Convention and mail check and registration form no later than  March 1st to  Audrey Osborn, 12 Scotch Pine Farm, East Harwich, MA  02645.  For more information email Audrey at caperose@comcast.net or call 508-430-5329.




The Seacrest Resort, North Falmouth, Cape Cod, Massachusetts (800-225-3110)


Hosted by the Lower Cape Rose Society

Friday, March 17th  - CONSULTING ROSARIAN SCHOOL   12:30 – 5:30

Dinner on own (nice restaurant on premises)             

 Hospitality Room    


Saturday, March 18th – Location: 

8:00 AM – 8:45 AM   Registration

8:45 – 9 AM – Welcome by LCRS President, Greg Davis

9:00 – 9:45  Dave Simser  Barnstable County Tick Specialist


BREAK :    9:45-10:15                                                              Door prizes -    


10:15-11:00  - Tim Kelly - Today's new England Weather by NECN Meteorologist

11:15 - 12:00 Linda Hilliard - Lyme Disease Associates of Massachusetts

12:15 – 1:15 Luncheon – Guest speaker Jason Brown from Conard-Pyle

1:15 – 1:30  Back from lunch – door prizes,    raffle tickets for sale                        

 1:30 – 2:30   Lynn Griffith -   President, A&L Southern Agricultural Laboratories, Inc.,  Soil Testing for the Rose Garden

                                  (See article  by Lynn in this newsletter)

2:30-2:45   Break  -  

3:00-4:00PM-  – Dr. Gay Freeman – Lyme Disease – Babesiosis from a doctor’s point of view

            Julie Gammon, Dave Rogers, Audrey Osborn -Lyme disease and babesiosis from the patient’s point of view

 4:00  Raffle         

 6:00  Cash Bar

 7:00  Banquet Dinner – Guest Speaker, Frank Benardella, Past President ARS, famous mini rose hybridizer, rose auction, Yankee District Awards

Hospitality Room open after dinner.






Joseph Albanese




David Berg




June Berg




Gene Bliska



James Brazzell



Joan Brazzell



Dave Candler




Theresa Corbin




Daniel  Cotton




Linda Cotton




Arthur Emmons




Donna Fuss




Mike Fuss




Sam Goldstein



Alexander Kopper



David R. Long



John P. Mattia




Marcy Martin



Nancy Mixter



Elizabeth Morin



Martha Parsons




Wally Parsons




Robert Prill



Dan Russo




Carol Ann Rogers




Steve Rogers






Greg Davis




Rev. Ed Hempel




Ryk Tyszka Jackson



Audrey Osborn




William “OZ” Osborn





Lilyan Brower



Martin Brower



Jerry Cinnamon




Clarence E. Rhodes






Susan Breed



Joseph Cafferky




Marion Cafferky




David Cannistraro




Martha Chapin




Lisa Corbin




James Denman




George Doorakian



Craig Dorschel




Valerie Fisk




Cynthia Fraser




Ann Hooper



Chu Jung




Barbara LeDuc




Manuel Mendes





Emanuel Brochu



Carole Cohen





Benjamin Condran



Malcolm Lowe




Joel Mascott




Teresita McKeown




John Waterman






Herma Altman



Angelina Chute




Mike Chute




Ed Cunningham




Patsy Cunningham




Robert Forand




Linda Kammerer




Joe Kolis



Linda Shamoon




Crystal Shelly




John Shelly




Lorraine Shelly






The American Rose Society, upon nomination by the ARS Yankee District, has selected three distinguished Rosarians to be designated as Master Rosarians for 2006. This designation recognizes Rosarians who have ten or more years of service, have demonstrated a continuing commitment to growing roses, as well as continuing enthusiasm in sharing rose knowledge. Master Rosarians for the ARS Yankee District, selected for this year are David Cannistraro, George Doorakian, and Art Emmons. Congratulations to our distinguished Master Rosarians! They join David Berg, Malcom Lowe, John Mattia, Clarence Rhodes, Donna Fuss, Michael Fuss, and Manuel Mendes who achieved this designation in 2005.





                                                   by Carole Cohen, Dublin, NH

*Six Degrees of Separation is a theory, first proposed in 1929 by a Hungarian writer, that anyone on the planet can be connected to any other person on the planet through a chain of acquaintances that has no more than five intermediaries.

To rosarians who are interested in the history of roses or who are especially fond of the old garden roses, the name of William Prince (1795-1869) is surely familiar. The nursery associated with his name was the first major commercial nursery in the U.S. and “Prince’s Manual of Roses,” written in 1846, was one of the earliest American books about roses. The Prince nursery had been founded in 1737 and endured for about 130 years.

                The nursery was located in Flushing Landing in New York. (Flushing is now a section of Queens in New York City.) The Prince family were go-getters, and William’s curriculum vitae is clearly evident of this. He was deeply involved in grape culture, introduced merino sheep, traveled extensively in the West, and was one of the founders of Sacramento. However, Prince is best remembered today for his work with roses.

                Prince was a successful nurseryman because he had a large circle of contacts and was always on the alert for something new. Sometime around 1830 he heard about a yellow rose from the garden of a lawyer, George F. Harison, who apparently discovered it in his backyard. Harison gave a slip to a local nurseryman, Thomas Hogg, who called it ‘Hogg’s Yellow American Rose.’ Prince changed the name to ‘Harison’s Yellow’ and this name persisted because Prince had better facilities than Hogg to propagate and sell plants. This hardy yellow rose was prized for its color and its sturdiness, and many pioneer families took slips of it when they went west.

                Prince was also involved in the story of the Noisette—the first hybrid rose created in the U.S. Sometime in the early 19th century John Champneys, a merchant and plantation owner in Charleston, SC, crossed ‘Parsons’ Pink China’ with ‘Old Blush.’ The resulting hybrid, a large remontant shrub with small, light pink, fragrant blossoms, came to be called ‘Champneys’ Pink Cluster’. Philippe Noisette, the gardener of the Botanical Society in Charleston, received seeds or seedlings from Champneys and bred a new variety, which he sent to his brother in France. Here it acquired several new names, all with “Noisette” in them. Where does Prince fit into this?  We know that Champneys corresponded with Prince because Prince’s son said his father had received a number of well-grown plants of  ‘Champneys’ Pink Cluster.’ It’s possible that Champneys had originally bought ‘Old Blush’ from Prince and that he sent the new plants to him to show the results of his work. Subsequently Prince shipped cuttings to England, and in 1818 a London nursery had on its list of roses one called ‘Champigny’. This was most likely the same rose since errors and distortion of names were very common in the horticulture industry of those times.

                Another interesting connection that Prince had was with Thomas Jefferson, who was a passionate collector of new and unusual vegetables and ornamentals.  In 1791 Jefferson ordered from Prince two each of ‘Old Blush’ and ‘Parsons’ Pink China’.  There is no evidence, however, that Jefferson was aware of their significant offspring.

                 In 1819 a child was born in Manhattan not too many miles away from Prince’s nursery. He became, in the opinion of many scholars, the greatest and most original of American writers, and the one we would least expect to have any connection with roses. He was Herman Melville, author of Moby Dick. Most readers think of Melville as exclusively a writer about the sea. It is true that his first six novels had the sea and ships as their setting, but after Moby Dick Melville turned to other subjects and literary forms. What is not commonly known is that Melville wrote a great deal of poetry, including a series of rose poems.

                There are thirteen poems in all, none of them published in Melville’s lifetime. Like so much poetry about the rose, the flower is used as a symbol of life’s brevity—the “gather ye rosebuds while ye may” motif. Melville’s poems are much more complex than most rose poems; the language is dense and the images are startling. In one poem, the narrator meets a gardener’s boy taking an armful of roses to a burial vault. When asked why he is doing this, the boy says they are for a wedding and the tomb is a good place to keep them fresh:

                Yea, for against the bridal hour

My master fain would keep their bloom;

A charm in the dank of the vault there is,

                Yea, we the rose entomb.

Did the creator of the awesome White Whale actually know anything about growing roses? The above poem certainly suggests he knew about conditioning roses. The Melvilles lived for many years in New York City in a townhouse that had a small, south-facing backyard. When Melville’s wife gave him Samuel Hole’s A Book About Roses for his 65th birthday, he was inspired to dig up the yard and plant roses. According to his oldest granddaughter, Eleanor Metcalf, he loved growing roses. It is also known that he regularly sent rose petals to a friend whenever he corresponded with her.

                When I read about Melville growing roses, I wondered if he might have bought his plants at the nursery of William Prince. I searched through the most recent and complete biography of Melville and discovered that indeed they had actually met. In the late 1850’s Melville lectured throughout the Northeast on various subjects such as travel and art. On one such occasion he lectured in Flushing, and Prince’s son was chairman of the lecture committee. The Princes, according to a letter preserved by the Melville family, entertained the author “overnight and part of a day and presented him with a bouquet of lovely flowers.” The letter does not say if there were roses in the bouquet. While there is no documentation that Melville bought plants from the Prince nursery, it is certainly possible that he did. 

                The links from William Prince to Harison, Champneys, Noisette, Jefferson, and finally to Melville, a very unlikely rosarian, may not conform strictly to the “six degrees” theory, but it is nevertheless curious to consider how the passion for roses can be shared by nurserymen, presidents, and writers             










Please Print:  _____________________________________              Date:___________


Current C.R. __________    New C.R. Candidate __________            Neither ____________

                                                           (must be a member of ARS for past 3 years)


Name: __________________________________________________________________


Address: ________________________________________________________________


City, State, Zip: __________________________________________________________


Phone: __________________________ Local Society: ___________________________


ARS District: ___________________________





NEW CANDIDATES must submit three (3) letters of recommendation from any three (3) CRs and a resume to their home District CR Chairman, on the official form, (which will be sent to you upon receipt of this application) in advance of attending the school. You will receive a letter of verification from the Chairman which must be presented at the school.


CURRENT CRs are required to take the school and pass the test and after that time, attend a seminar or school every four (4) years to remain on active list. The school and ‘open book’ test are based on the TEXT SECTION only of the CONSULTING ROSARIAN MANUAL.


CR MANUALS are available from ARS Headquarters for $15.00 + $2.00 shipping


The past three consecutive years of membership in ARS will be verified with ARS Headquarters for all new candidates and current requalifying CRs before appointment or re-appointment is official.





Send this completed form to Jerry Cinnamon

 P.O. Box 537

Unity, Maine  04988

 Phone 207-948-3735



Consulting Rosarian School

Jerry Cinnamon CR Chair, ARS Yankee District

The joy of growing roses! The beauty of the flowers and their rich fragrance lures us into growing our first rose plants. Then we begin to wonder how to make the plant thrive. We learn about good growing conditions: fertilizing, watering, and improving the soil.  Soon our garden grows and neighbors and friends visit starting in late June and early July to share this beauty with us. They are intrigued and want to know if we will share our rose growing secrets. The secrets are few and basic.

On March 17, 2006, from 1 to 5 PM the basics of rose cultivation and care are the subject of a Consulting Rosarian School, sponsored by the Yankee District of the American Rose Society and the Lower Cape Rose Society.  In a four hour seminar you will learn about Basic Rose Culture, Soils & Water, Fertilizers, Garden Chemicals and Safety, and Insects and Diseases. Attending this school will prepare you to become an American Rose Society Consulting Rosarian that will enhance your knowledge of growing roses and prepare you to work with friends, neighbors, and the rose growing public as they seek to learn about growing roses. The school ends with an open book test that will certify you as an American Rose Society Consulting Rosarian.

To become an ARS Consulting Rosarian you must: 

Be a member of the American Rose Society for three consecutive years

Be an active member of a local rose society

Have grown roses of various types for at least five years and should be knowledgeable in all equipment and materials related to rose culture

Provide letters of recommendation from any three Consulting Rosarians

Attend an ARS school/workshop for Consulting Rosarians and complete an open book examination based on the material contained in the Consulting Rosarian

Know and be willing to live up to the Consulting Rosarian Guidelines.

To apply for the school,  new candidates and current CRs please fill out the attached form and send it to Jerry Cinnamon, CR Chair Yankee District at PO Box 537, Unity, Maine 04988 or download the attached form, fill it out and send it to jcinnamon@unity.edu. New Candidates will be sent an official form upon receipt of this application to obtain three (3) letters of recommendation and a resume to be returned to the District Chair. Current CRs attending the school will meet requirements for a four year period.


Judges’ Corner

Oz Osborn, Chairman of Judges, Yankee District

                Once again it was a wonderful weekend on the Cape.  September 11th found most of the Yankee District judges attending a judging seminar, followed by a lobster fest at a private beach on the Bass River in Dennis.  The District again extends its gratitude and thank-you to Lower Cape Rose Society members Sharon and Ernie Csaky. 

                Saturday morning had the Harwich Community Center buzzing with horticultural rose judging information.  Louise Coleman gave a dynamic presentation, covering many of the finer points of judging, including a “class participation” evaluation of six queen candidates.  Mary Burke sparked an after lunch talk discussing many of the unique qualities to be aware of when judging old garden roses.

                But, as coordinator of the seminar, I sincerely extend my appreciation to Mike Fuss (“The Ethics of Judging”) and Art Emmons (“Minis & Mini Floras) for graciously agreeing to share their knowledge on very short notice when the scheduled speakers cancelled the week before the seminar… Thank you, gentlemen.  Finally, I hope that my presentation on the dreaded, but sometimes necessary disqualification rules will help someone when a difficult situation arises.

                Attendance at this seminar combined with our recent judging school has brought certification for most of the Yankee District Judges forward to the year 2009.

                Congratulations to our recent class of apprentices who have fulfilled the ARS requirements and have become certified Horticultural Judges …

Dave Cannistraro, Patsy Cunningham, Craig Dorschel, Nancy Edgar, Tessie McKeown, Carol Ann Rogers and Steve Rogers and welcome!  Welcome to giving up your June weekends, traveling many miles to the show, and sometimes the additional cost of a motel.  In return, all you have received is membership in a very exclusive “club”,  the respect of rose exhibitors, the renewal of old friendships at judges’ luncheons, and the satisfaction of a job well done.  You will quickly realize that all of the advantages overshadow any of the negatives.  Again, congratulations and welcome.

                It has often been said, as a tip to exhibitors, that “you have to know what the judges are looking for”.  Judges should also know what “judges are looking for”.  Of course there are the basics, such as the point scoring system, tucked inside the back of our mind.  Then there are guidelines for the most pleasing infloresence , staging of three exhibits in one base, or observing a rose at its most perfect moment.  Do you really have to grow them to know them?  It seems like an impossible task unless you have acres of land and a deep pocketbook.  But there are several very good public gardens in our area, plus large and small retail nurseries selling the latest introductions, as well as all the older varieties.  At the very least, obtain all the major catalogs, look at the pictures and read the rose’s characteristics. 

                And finally, the “tip of the year”.  Unless you want to embarrass yourself, or you run a museum, get rid of your old green book – obtain the latest edition of the  “Guidelines for

Judging Roses from ARS.  Did I say that was the best tip – no – the best tip for everyone is:

Have Fun and Stay Positive!        



CONNECTICUT  Dave Long 860-434-5522


LOWER CAPE                    Greg Davis 508-259-0494


MAINE                                   Joan Gotlibson                    

MID-MAINE                         Shirley Ross 207-633-4088



NEW HAMPSHIRE             Tessie McKeown 603-654-2402


RHODE ISLAND Curt Lufkin  401-885-0472


ROSES DU QUEBEC          Andre Poliquin  450-653-5416





Feb. 5,    (CT). Rose Propagation – Dave Berg/John Mattia

Feb. 23-26  “A Floral Symphony” R.I. Flower Show,

R.I. Convention Center, Providence

Feb. 24-26  “Gardens of Zen and Now” Connecticut Flower & Garden Show, CT. Expo Center,  Hartford

March 5-12  “Enchanted Spring … Tribute to Mother Nature”

Philadelphia Flower Show, Philadelphia

March 9-12  “The Soul of Gardening”  Portland Flower Show

Portland Marine Complex, Portland

March 11-19 – “Welcome Home!  Celebrating our Great New England Landscape” New England Spring Flower Show, Bayside Expo Center, Boston

May 7  Know your Friends & Enemies (insects) Tim Abbey

Agricultural Experiment Station, Windsor, CT Rose Society

July 8 Propagation with Cuttings, Dave Cannistraro, New Hampshire Rose Society



June 17             New England Rose Society

                        Rhode Island Rose Society

June 24             Lower Cape Rose Society

                        New Hampshire Rose Society

June 25             Connecticut Rose Society

September 9      Yankee District Rose Society

                        Arrangement Seminar and our

                        Famous Lobster fest on the beach of the

                        Bass River, So. Dennis, Cape Cod, MA



2005 – AWARDS - 2005

Connecticut R.S. – Bronze Honor Medal -  Mike Fuss

Lower Cape R.S. – Bronze Honor Medal – Susan Meader

New England R.S. – Bronze Honor Medal – Lee Macneil & Jack Lavacchia

Rhode Island R.S. President’s Award – Sofi Cofield

Yankee District Silver Honor Medal – Oz & Audrey Osborn

Yankee District Outstanding Judge – Wally Parsons

Yankee District Outstanding Consulting Rosarian – Carol Ann Rogers



DISTRICT DIRECTOR                       Art Emmons

disbudder@aol.com                              860-651-4318



caperose@comcast.net                         508-430-5329



Donna Fuss           860-243-1586         dfuss@snet.net


DISTRICT SECRETARY                    Susan Mascott

smascott@hotmail.com                        603-673-0754


DISTRICT TREASURER                    Steve Rogers

Sroger07@snet.net                              860-563-1835



Jerry Cinnamon   207-948-3735         jcinnamon@unity.edu



Oz Osborn             508-430-5329         ozrose@comcast.net



Martha Chapin     978-827-5221        



Clarence Rhodes  207-772-8788



Lee Macneil                                          jacknlee@comcast.net



Joel Mascott          603-673-0754         jmascott@hotmail.com


YANKEE DISTRICT WEBSITE         Patsy Cunningham

patham@cox.net                                   401-728-1786



Gus Banks             609-267-3809         jrsyrose@bellatlantic.net











For reservations - 800-225-3110



By Audrey Osborn, LCRS

                Bull’s eye. symptoms, deer ticks.  These are words we associate with Lyme Disease.    Deer ticks carry Lyme disease and most gardeners are aware of the precautions which should be taken when working outdoors in areas habitated by deer.  Tuck your pant leg into your socks, wear insect repellant with adequate concentration of DEET, shower and inspect your skin at the end of your day outdoors, launder your work clothes immediately. I did all these things, but this past August when I was diagnosed with “Babesisosis” I needed to get some answers.   As a female gardener in my mid 50s, working full-time as an RN on the 3-11 shift, I ignored my extreme tiredness.   I would go to bed after midnight, and be back in the garden by 8:30 AM, working  until 1:30 then  shower, get dressed, eat lunch and head to work.   My sleep was interrupted every night – I would awaken with my pajama top drenched with sweat, something I attributed to “hot flashes”. These  were probably early symptoms of babesiosis, which has an incubation period of up to nine weeks.  I am so very thankful that my primary care nurse practioner, Chris Reid, ordered the correct blood tests for me, and that I was diagnosed right away.  A friend of mine went undiagnosed for a few months, and wound up hospitalized in critical condition needing transfusions and IV drug therapy. 

                Babesiosis is caused by a protozoa, similar to malaria. I was initially  treated with Doxycycline, then Clindamycin and Quinine for ten days (until I got a wicked reaction to the Quinine), finally I was on Mepron and Zithromax twice a day for seven weeks.  I had six blood tests in three months.  My platelet count was very low – an alarm value, and my hematocrit level was down.   I was out of work for seven weeks, and when I returned to work  I was still on antibiotics.   Babesiosis can be an extremely dangerous (sometimes fatal)  disease in immunosuppressed individuals, the elderly and people without spleens. How many gardeners have ever heard of “babesiosis”?   Please come to the Yankee District Convention in March – where we will have a tick specialist and a physician educate us on the seriousness of ticks, mice, deer, Lyme disease and  Babesiosis. 

Human babesiosis, caused by Babesia microti, was initially described in the eastern United States in 1970 in a woman vacationing on Nantucket Island, MA.  With few exceptions, almost all subsequent cases were recorded from islands in the northeastern US and Cape Cod, MA until this illness was diagnosed in 13 patients living in New London County, in southeastern CT.  B.microti was isolated from white-footed mice, Peromyscus leucopus, captured from 1988 to 1990 in the yards of patients.  Babesiosis also was diagnosed in persons living in Wisconsin and in New Jersey who acquired the organism locally.  The number of cases of babesiosis reported by health departments on their web sites and by personal communications in MA, RI, and NY was 330 from 1988 to 2002, 121 from 1994 to 2002, and 542 from 1986 to 2001, respectively.  The number of cases reported by the New York City health Department from 1991 to 2000 was 75.      From 1991 to 2000, babesiosis was diagnosed in 230 persons residing in New London County and adjacent Middlesex County, CT.  Fifty three additional cases were reported in five other counties in CT., but epidemiologic data did not indicate that these infections likely were acquired within CT.   We now note a new and distinct geographic focus by reporting the isolation of B.microti from rodents captured in the yards of two patients in whom babesiosis was diagnosed at Greenwich Hospital in 2002.  These patients lived in Greenwich, CT., which is located in Fairfield County in the extreme southwestern part of the state.  Neither patient had traveled outside of the immediate area of Greenwich, CT., before onset of illness.  Rodents were also trapped in the yards of two additional patients in whom babesiosis was diagnosed.  These two patients had traveled to Rhode Island shortly before becoming ill.  Patients became ill from June 23 to July 7, 2002, and none reported a tick bite.

                Attempts to trap small mammals on the properties of the four patients were made on July 22, 23 and 29, 2002.  Rodents were captured in Sherman box traps baited with peanut butter and apple.  Approximately 0.3mL of blood was drawn from the heart of each animal into a syringe coated with heparin or uncoated.  Blood was kept on ice in the field and then returned to the lab.  A 3 to 5 week old male Syrian hamster was  injected intraperitoneally with 0.1mL of each blood sample.

                Blood smears were obtained from a drop of blood taken from the tail of each hampster on weeks 3 to 6 after injection.  Blood cells were stained with Giemsa and examined for B.microti at a magnification of 1,008x.  Hamsters were considered uninfected when no parasites were found in 75 fields of stained erythrocytes.

                B. microti was isolated in rodents captured at the residences of two of the patients who did not travel outside of the Greenwich area 6 weeks before onset of illness.  Blood from two of three white-footed mice and from the two eastern chipmunks, captured in the yards of the patients, produced infections in injected hamsters.  Infections did not develop in hamsters injected with bloom from 10 white-footed mice captured at the residences of two patients who visited Wakefield and Charlestown, RI shortly before becoming ill.

                B.microti is prevalent in rodent populations in Greenwich, CT, and causes human disease.  Establishing evidence of B.microti in rodents and documenting this protozoan parasite as the cause of human disease in Greenwich are important.  Relatively high populations of the vector tick, Ixodes scapularis, are present in Greenwich and nearby towns.  In 2002, the health departments of Greenwich, Stamford, New Canaan and Darien submitted 1,671 I. scapularis ticks removed from persons to the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station for identification and testing for Borrelia burgdorferi .  Two hundred and thirty cases of Lyme disease were reported from these four towns in 2002 (CT. Dept of Public Health) With such extensive human exposure to ticks and a relatively large number of Lyme disease cases in these four towns and elsewhere in Fairfield County, the number of cases of babesiosis is likely to increase appreciably in the future.

                B.microti has been transmitted through blood transfusions in Connecticut.  Blood collection agencies in southwestern Ct., and adjacent Westchester County, NY should be aware of the possibility that blood donors could be infected with this pathogen.  Physicians should also be alert to the possibility that patients could be coinfected with the etiologic agents of Lyme disease or human granulocytic ehrlichiosis.  Some patients in whom Lyme disease was diagnosed have been simultaneously infected with B.microti.

The above article was found online and was written by John F. Anderson and Louis A. magnarelli, CT. Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven. CT.

                The Babesia microti life cycle involves two hosts, which include a rodent, primarily the white-footed mouse.  During a blood meal, a Babesia infected tick introduces sporozoites into the mouse host.  In the blood, some parasite differentiate into male and female gamates.   The definitive host is a tick, in this case the deer tick, Ixodes dammini (I. scapularis)   Humans enter the cycle when bitten by infected ticks.  During a blood meal, a Babesia – infected tick introduces sporozoites into the human host.  Multiplication of the blood stage parasites is responsible for the clinical manifestation of the disease.  Humans are, for all practical purposes, dead-end hosts and there is probably little, if any, subsequent transmission that occurs from ticks feeding on infected persons.  Transmission (human to human)  is well recognized to occur through blood transfusions. 

NOTE:  Deer ticks are the hosts upon which the adult ticks feed and are indirectly part of the Babesia cycle as they influence the tick population.  When deer populations increase, the tick population also increases, thus heightening the potential for transmission.                  

Learn the association between the common white footed mouse, the deer tick and  a deer in Babesiosis and Lymes disease at the Yankee District Convention – March 18th, at The Sea Crest Resort, Falmouth, MA.  



By Art Emmons

The blooms have passed, the leaves have fallen and the roses put to rest for another season.   By most accounts, 2005 was an outstanding year for growing roses.   The cool wet spring was followed by an unusually hot and dry summer.     Throughout New England, those of us who watered well and pruned through the record summer heat and tended to our roses were rewarded with an incredible rich and full September bloom.   And, as the warm autumn continued, those efforts paid extra dividends as many of us found quality blooms on the plants in November.

People often comment that growing good roses is such hard work and it really doesn’t need to be hard work.  Most of us truly enjoy the labor.  I suggest that growing good roses is a balanced mix of establishing one’s expectations, learning what it takes to achieve that expectation and applying regular appropriate care to the roses.   Not necessarily hard work but regular work.

It’s true that the rosarian growing exhibition blooms will have a higher expectation and, therefore, need to apply more labor than the non-exhibitor to achieve their goal.    But in both cases some regular care is required.  As a minimum, some watering during hot weather is required and, in most cases, pruning is required to promote new blooming.

There is a growing movement towards minimal maintenance rose growing.   New shrub varieties are being introduced that promise satisfaction with minimum or even ‘no’ care.  I believe many of these roses can survive very well with minimum attention.   However, they do require sun, fertile well drained soil and some regular watering.  In short, they require a regular care even if minimal to achieve the gardener’s expectation.   For the most part, ‘easy’ or minimal care means rose with improved or absolute disease resistance.

Back in college, (too many years ago), I took physics and economics courses where both professors taught the same idiomatic rule:  “there is no free lunch”.  And, I’ve finally realized in life that there is ‘no free lunch’; even in rose growing.   Varieties that promise ‘no’ care may flourish with minimal care but there was a cost paid.   It may be in bloom size, fragrance, colorfulness or even vigor.   But, these easy care roses can achieve a certain expectation with a minimum of care.

Achieving one’s expectation in the rose garden, no matter how humble, requires some effort.    Some rose growers simply want a colorful garden display with an occasional bouquet for the table.  Even this requires careful selection of tolerant varieties, suitable location, proper planting and regular watering.

There are those with higher expectations from their rose gardens and more preparation and care is required.  Many of the newer low maintenance varieties can be very satisfying with minimal care if the expectation is for a colorful landscape or border.   When we add additional expectations of bloom size, form, fragrance, repeat, stem length, foliage qualities, ect; the amount of care necessary to achieve one’s expectations may increase as well.

Until the time that hybridizers can create rose varieties that achieve all of our expectations in roses, we should all remember that there is no free lunch and our expectations in the rose garden will be met with planning and/or regular care of the rose garden.

10,000 New ARS Members Campaign!

            We are about to embark on a national membership campaign, and our goal is most ambitious — we plan to grow by 10,000 new members! We are asking our own members to help us in the initial stages of the campaign, by promoting ARS membership in your local societies, among your family and friends, and by offering gift memberships. Exciting NEW Member Offer — free miniature rose bush - courtesy of Nor’East Miniature Roses, a division of Greenheart Farms, and a 2006 ARS calendar.  We think this is the best membership offer we’ve ever made! So don’t wait — encourage friends, family and colleagues to take advantage of this membership opportunity today. Tell them that membership in the American Rose Society brings many advantages to rose enthusiasts, no matter what type of roses you love and grow, or for whatever reason you grow them. • Horticultural education and support for beginners. • 11 months of the beautiful, informative, full-color American Rose magazine. • Unique, 140 page, full-color American Rose Annual. • Indispensable Handbook for Selecting Roses. • Product testing in members’ rose gardens helps to insure your rose-growing success. • Reports on the latest in rose research. • Free access to the beautiful Gardens of the American Rose Center, including Spring Bloom Festival, Green Thumb Gardening Series and Christmas in Roseland. • Free access to more than 100 affiliated botanical gardens across America. • Support from our ARS Consulting Rosarians who provide personal help with your rose questions • Camaraderie of rose growers from across the nation. • Knowledge that you are supporting the 112-year-old American Rose Society and the valuable work we are doing in the botanical world of roses. • Members enjoy many different areas of interest, including exhibiting, crafts, photography, writing, teaching, collecting, conventions, garden tours, youth activities and social events. • Coming soon! Informative and helpful “Members ONLY” section on www.ars.org Please help give us an early boost to our membership drive by joining in the campaign now. Your support and your help will be invaluable in providing the enthusiasm and the funds to extend the campaign even further — to the general public on a national level. Solid growth now will not only ensure the well-being of the Society, it will help us expand our resources and provide better services to our members. 10,000 New ARS Members Campaign!

            Call us toll free at: 1-800-637-6534 Or make check payable to American Rose Society and mail to: American Rose Society • Box 30,000 • Shreveport, LA  • 71130-0030


Name__________________________ Joint Member’s Name Address_____________________________________

City _____________State ______ Zip _______________

Telephone ____________ Email ___________________

 Local Society (if applicable ) _________________________


MasterCard  Visa  Discover   Card# ____________________ Exp. ________ New Member Dues Reflect $5 Discount (Not available on renewals)


 One-Year Memberships Individual $37 Senior (65+) $34 Joint $50 Senior Joint $47 Three-Year Memberships Individual $100 Senior (65+) $92 Joint $130 Senior Joint $122  BE A PART OF THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY


CONVENTION HAPPENINGS:    (continued from Page 1)

                Many of us attended the convention last March in Waltham,  MA and had a great time.  The New England Rose Society was a super host and it was great to see so many people from around the district pitching in for a great time.           

Our March convention comes at an excellent time each year.  Being the third weekend in March, the convention is a terrific way to begin a new rose season.  I’m hoping we will see many of you this March at the annual Yankee District Convention in Falmouth, Cape Cod.  You’ll find many details about the convention in this newsletter,  including excellent speakers, lots of fun rose talk and even some very new rose plants to consider buying for the new season.  This convention will be quite special for several reasons.  It is hosted by the Lower Cape Rose Society, so we are certain it will be a fun and well-planned event.    Events begin Friday afternoon with a Consulting Rosarian school at the hotel.  Friday night, please join us for a fun night of “wine tasting” in the Hospitality Room.  Many Yankee District Rosarians have discovered they share a fondness for both “Wine and Roses”.  This will be a very simple affair.  Simply bring your favorite bottle of wine and come share it with some like minded friends.  For those who wish to taste but don’t bring wine, a small fee will be charged.   The Hospitality Room is open to everyone at no charge and is always a hub of good rose and gardening buzz.

                Saturday is packed with remarkable programs and speakers.  Excellent planning has produced a very full agenda which should be enjoyable for all gardeners and rose growers.  The annual Awards Dinner and rose auction on Saturday night, followed by a late evening of rose chat in the Hospitality Room.  (I sometimes think rose nuts like to talk about roses as much as grow them!)

                You are all invited to the Yankee District Council meeting on Sunday morning at 9:30 A.M. .

                In September we’ll all head back out to Harwich Port on The Cape for the Yankee District Rose Show and a special “Arrangement Seminar”.  Details are still being worked out, so be sure to ask in the spring for final details.  The Rose Show and Lobster fest will be held on Saturday, September 9th.  Audrey, Oz and the generous people of the Lower Cape have developed an extra-ordinary event.   It really is no wonder the Osborns won the Silver Honor Medal last year.

                Thanks again to everyone for all of their support and friendship and I am looking forward to seeing you soon.



David Simser, Barnstable County Entomologist

            "This is the high risk period right now."

            And this year is expected to be riskier than ever. The mild winter helped ticks to thrive.

            To curb the rising number of Lyme disease cases, an intervention program focusing on the white-footed mouse, is underway to reduce the number of ticks in the area.

David Simser:

            "White footed mice are the primary reservoir of Lyme disease. If we can break that cycle and remove the ticks, we'll remove the cycle of Lyme disease in a given area."


Hear Dave speak at the Yankee District convention on March 18th at the Seacrest Resort in Falmouth.  
What is the connection between the white footed mouse – deer and Lyme disease and babesiosis?    Learn how to protect yourself and your family from the dangers of Lyme disease – and babesiosis.  You owe it to yourself!


The ARS Membership Committee is rolling out an unprescedented  member gathering campaign designed to cause an immediate and dramatic increase  in the membership rolls of the American Rose Rose. The goal is to add 10,000  new members. The incentives to be used are a 2006 ARS rose calendar and a free miniature  rose bush. In particular, Nor'East miniature Roses, a division of Greenheart  Farms, has generously offered to furnish free bushes to anyone who joins the  ARS as part of the program. The offer is being made to all members of local rose societies who are not already ARS members as well.





What ultimately matters to growers and farmers is what is the current nutrient status of the soil, and what is the safest and most economical way to supply nutrients


By Lynn  Griffith


         Soil testing in one form or another has  been around since the 1840's. The procedures were rather  primitive until about the 1920's, at which time  significant advances in soil testing technology were  realized. Soil testing may be defined as any physical or chemical measurement of soil. Growers in most parts of  the world Utilize soil testing to one degree or another,  and for various reasons.

         One surprising fact is that of soil  testing laboratories generally don't actually test soil. They test extracts of soils at least when performing  chemical tests. Soil samples are generally mixed with an  extracting solution of some kind. The mixture is then  shaken and then filtered resulting in a clear liquid  extract which is then subjected to various chemical  tests. The extracting solution may be distilled water,  although with most laboratories one or more dilute acids  are used to extract nutrients from soil samples. The  theory is you want your extracting solution to remove  from the soil those nutrients that are reasonably  available to plants. Nutrients that are in chemical forms  that will never be available to a plant are not really of  any use to the soil testing lab or the farmer. At the  same time, distilled water as an extracting solution only  tells you what is available today, and doesn't give you  much of an idea of what the reserve fertility levels are.  Therefore, using dilute, weak acids as extractants will  generally reveal levels of nutrients in forms that will  likely be available to the plant.

         Numerous soil extraction  methods exist, though there are six or eight extracting methods that are the most popular throughout the world.  The trouble is, these different extracting solutions vary  in the amount of nutrients they pull out of a soil, and  therefore if you send the same sample to different  laboratories that are using different procedures, the  test reports will reveal different numbers. Another  source of variability in the numbers may be in the units  that the laboratory is reporting. Some laboratories report in parts- per million, others report in pounds per  acre, others in milli-equivalence and still others in  micromoles. All this variability certainly generates  confusion.

         An obvious question that  growers frequently ask is "Why don't  laboratories just use one standard testing method and  report format". There are three  principle reasons for this. One is that different soil  testing procedures work better in different types of soils in predicting crop response. A testing method for  one type of soil might work well, but it may perform  poorly in completely different type of soil in terms of  predicting crop response. Secondly, many laboratories  which have been in business for a number of years have  accumulated a great deal of data with one extracting 

method, and they are reluctant to change methods once an  extensive data base has been established. The third and  more complex reason is the soil testing values should  really be considered as a relative index, than as an  absolute value. The Fahrenheit and Celsius temperature  scales are two examples of indices used to measure  temperature. Forty degrees might be cold under one scale,  and quite warm on the other scale.

         What ultimately matters to  growers and farmers is what is the current nutrient  status of the soil, and what is the safest and most  economical way of supplying nutrients to the plants.  Growers who jump around and use different laboratories to  do their soil testing generally become confused by the  differences in methods and units. My suggestion to growers in general is to find a laboratory that you are  comfortable using and stay with them. Some important  factors in choosing a laboratory are quality of data,  price, speed, testing method, and ease of understanding  the report. In general, growers are urged to find a  laboratory they are comfortable using and generally stick  with them.

         Let us then get back to  the original question in the title of this article: Why  test soil? A major use of soil testing is to evaluate the  suitability of soil before planting a crop, and to use  soil testing to help plan the fertilizer program. Soil  testing can also be used in order to select what crops  should be grown on a particular piece of ground.  Secondly, soil testing can be used to monitor the growth  and quality of a crop. Soil test levels can often be  correlated with plant growth, yield and quality. Soil  testing can also be utilized to fertilize efficiently in  order to help minimize environmental concerns.

         A final reason for  utilizing soil testing is that growers generally don't  like surprises. When crop difficulties occur, soil  testing is often a key factor in the diagnostic process. Soils can be tested for numerous things today including  nutrients, heavy metals, pesticides, nematodes, physical  structure, microbes, etc. The range of services from public and private laboratories is often extensive. While  soil testing is not a substitute for good varieties, good  weather, and good culture, it remains a useful tool for  growers in many types of industries in producing and  maintaining quality plants.


Happy Birthday, Ralph Moore  “The Father of the Mini Rose”

January 14th – 99 years old


How Like A Rose

They say, or so I have heard,

“A pretty girl is like a melody,”

When she smiles the day lights up;

I hear the sounds of music,

Some soft muted tones at times,

Like the sweet smell of roses,

“Just a waitress,” you may say –

Or an angel in disguise?


Just how like a rose she is,

Quietly she moves about

To do all her daily tasks,

Like a rose about to bloom,

Then one day, the rose I see,

A beauty that’s now full blown,

And that rose now smiles at me,

Like an angel in disguise!


            Ralph Moore


The Yankee District Rose Window

Audrey Osborn, Editor

12 Scotch Pine Farm

East Harwich, MA  02645


  ©Copyright 2005, all rights reserved. Yankee District of the American Rose Society & Patham